This article is a lists of universities in mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau (of P.R.C.) as well as in Taiwan (of R.O.C.).
By the end of 2004, there were 2,236 colleges and universities, with over 20 million students enrolled in mainland China.
Peking University is the first formally established modern national university of China. It was founded as Imperial Capital University in 1898 in Beijing as a replacement of the ancient Guozijian, the national central institute of learning in China's traditional educational system in the past thousands of years.